Africa Network Connections


Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG) is a 28,000-kilometer-long submarine communications cable containing optical fibre that connects the United Kingdom, Africa, Japan, and many places in between.

The cable is operated by India's Flag Telecom, a fully-owned subsidiary of Reliance Communications. The system runs from the eastern coast of North America to Japan. Its Europe-Asia segment is the fourth-longest cable in the world.

The Europe-Asia segment was laid in the mid-1990s and was the subject of an extensive article in Wired Magazine in December 1996 by Neal Stephenson. The cable was laid by NYNEX.

Landing points are:

Segment FLAG Atlantic 1 (FA-1)

  • Northport, Suffolk County, New York, USA
  • Island Park, Nassau County, New York, USA
  • Porthcurno/Skewjack, Cornwall, England, UK
  • Plérin, Côtes-d'Armor, Brittany, France

Segment FLAG Alcatel-Lucent Optical Network (FALCON)

  • Suez, As Suways Governorate, Egypt
  • Port Sudan, Sudan
  • Jeddah, Makkah Province, Saudi Arabia
  • Al Hudaydah, Yemen
  • Al Ghaydah, Yemen
  • Al Seeb, Oman
  • Khasab, Oman
  • Dubai, United Arab Emirates
  • Sumaisma, Qatar
  • Manama, Bahrain
  • Al Khubar, Saudi Arabia
  • Kuwait City, Kuwait
  • Thiruvananthapuram, India
  • Hulumalé, Maldives
  • Malé, Maldives
  • Colombo, Sri Lanka

Segment FLAG Europe Asia (FEA)

  • Porthcurno/Skewjack, Cornwall, England, UK
  • Estepona, Málaga, Andalusia, Spain
  • Palermo, Province of Palermo, Sicily, Italy
  • Aqaba, Aqaba Governorate, Jordan
  • Alexandria, Al Iskandariyah Governorate, Egypt
  • Suez, As Suways Governorate, Egypt
  • Jeddah, Makkah Province, Saudi Arabia
  • Fujairah, United Arab Emirates
  • Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  • Penang, Malaysia, meeting SAFE and SEA-ME-WE 3
  • Satun, Satun Province, Thailand
  • Songkhla, Songkhla province, Thailand
  • Silvermine Bay, Lantau Island, Hong Kong
  • Nanhui, Shanghai, China
  • Keoje, South Gyeongsang Province, South Korea
  • Ninomiya, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
  • Miura, Kanagawa, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan

Segment FLAG North Asia Loop (FNAL)/Tiger

  • Tong Fuk, Lantau Island, Hong Kong
  • Toucheng, Yilan County, Taiwan
  • Pusan, South Korea
  • Wada, Awa District, Chiba Prefecture, Japan

West of Mumbai, FLAG has a capacity of 80 Gbit/s.

The segment between Hong Kong and Pusan was broken by the 2006 Hengchun earthquake.

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